The Colosseum in Rome is one of the most unusual, large, fascinating and famous ancient buildings, which is relatively well preserved to this day. Visiting Rome and not seeing the Colosseum is an unforgivable omission for the traveler.
Colosseum in Rome: interesting facts
The name of this structure comes from the Latin word colosseus, which means “colossal” or “enormous”.
Well, the Roman Colosseum fully justifies its name – in its time it was the grandest building of the ancient world and still attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world.
Who built the Colosseum in Rome
The construction of the Colosseum or the Flavius Amphitheater was carried out for eight years – from 72 to 80 AD. They began construction under Emperor Vespasian after his victories in Juda, and finished under Emperor Titus. The amphitheater accommodates 50,000 people. The construction of the arena was attended by both professional engineers, decorators, artists and builders, as well as tens of thousands of slaves. Of course, the latter were involved in the most difficult work, in particular, mined stones in the quarries and transported them to the construction site.
For many years, the Colosseum was the main venue for entertainment shows, in particular, gladiator fights. It is difficult to even imagine how much blood was spilled on the sand of his arena, how many times enthusiastic spectators applauded the winners and escorted the cries of the defeated, how many gladiators and slaves ended their lives in front of the crowd.
In the Middle Ages, it was a fortress, a bullring. In 1349, an earthquake brought down its southern part and it became a source of stone for the nearby new buildings.
Holes in the walls of the Colosseum is not the destruction of the stone from time to time. Once upon a time, in the Middle Ages of the walls removed iron staples fastening the clutch.
Today, the Colosseum is almost completely devoid of its former lush interior and exterior, but still represents a striking spectacle.
Archaeologists still find here curious finds, and tourists can not miss such a famous landmark. The authorities of Rome for several years are reconstructing the Colosseum, which, of course, suffered from the vibrations of heavy urban traffic and the infiltration of rainwater.